Multiplication is a key part of maths that we use every day. It helps us understand numbers and solve problems. One of the first steps in learning multiplication is getting to know the multiplication tables. In this article, we focus on the multiplication table of 3. Knowing this table well can make maths much easier and more fun.

The multiplication table of 3 is a list of answers you get when you multiply 3 by other numbers. It's a basic tool that helps in many types of maths problems. When you know this table well, you can solve harder problems much faster.

For an introduction to tables, read our guide to tables from 1 to 20.

Multiplication tables are lists of numbers. They show you the results when you multiply numbers together. Think of them as a shortcut for doing lots of multiplication problems.

A multiplication table is like a big chart. It helps you find the answers to multiplication problems quickly. The most common one is the table that goes up to 10 (though the table below goes up to 100). For example, the multiplication table of 3 looks like this:

- 3 times 1 is 3
- 3 times 2 is 6
- 3 times 3 is 9
- ... and so on, up to 3 times 10 is 30.

This table tells you that if you multiply 3 by any number between 1 and 10, you can quickly find the answer. So, if you're buying 3 candies from 7 different stores, instead of adding 3 seven times, you can look at the table and see that 3 times 7 is 21. You'll have 21 candies.

Multiplication tables are very useful. They help you solve maths problems faster. When you know them well, you can do harder maths more easily. This is why many people try to remember all the tables up to 10 or even higher. It's like having a maths tool in your brain, ready to use whenever you need it.

When multiplying any two numbers, the number being multiplied (i.e. 3 in this case) is called the multiplicand, whereas the number of times it is to be multiplied is the multiplier. The answer to multiplying these two numbers is known as the product. For example, in 3 times 4, 3 is the multiplicand, 4 is the multiplier, and the product is 12.

Below is the table of 3, with multipliers up to 100.

3 | x | 1 | = | 3 |

3 | x | 2 | = | 6 |

3 | x | 3 | = | 9 |

3 | x | 4 | = | 12 |

3 | x | 5 | = | 15 |

3 | x | 6 | = | 18 |

3 | x | 7 | = | 21 |

3 | x | 8 | = | 24 |

3 | x | 9 | = | 27 |

3 | x | 10 | = | 30 |

3 | x | 11 | = | 33 |

3 | x | 12 | = | 36 |

3 | x | 13 | = | 39 |

3 | x | 14 | = | 42 |

3 | x | 15 | = | 45 |

3 | x | 16 | = | 48 |

3 | x | 17 | = | 51 |

3 | x | 18 | = | 54 |

3 | x | 19 | = | 57 |

3 | x | 20 | = | 60 |

3 | x | 21 | = | 63 |

3 | x | 22 | = | 66 |

3 | x | 23 | = | 69 |

3 | x | 24 | = | 72 |

3 | x | 25 | = | 75 |

3 | x | 26 | = | 78 |

3 | x | 27 | = | 81 |

3 | x | 28 | = | 84 |

3 | x | 29 | = | 87 |

3 | x | 30 | = | 90 |

3 | x | 31 | = | 93 |

3 | x | 32 | = | 96 |

3 | x | 33 | = | 99 |

3 | x | 34 | = | 102 |

3 | x | 35 | = | 105 |

3 | x | 36 | = | 108 |

3 | x | 37 | = | 111 |

3 | x | 38 | = | 114 |

3 | x | 39 | = | 117 |

3 | x | 40 | = | 120 |

3 | x | 41 | = | 123 |

3 | x | 42 | = | 126 |

3 | x | 43 | = | 129 |

3 | x | 44 | = | 132 |

3 | x | 45 | = | 135 |

3 | x | 46 | = | 138 |

3 | x | 47 | = | 141 |

3 | x | 48 | = | 144 |

3 | x | 49 | = | 147 |

3 | x | 50 | = | 150 |

3 | x | 51 | = | 153 |

3 | x | 52 | = | 156 |

3 | x | 53 | = | 159 |

3 | x | 54 | = | 162 |

3 | x | 55 | = | 165 |

3 | x | 56 | = | 168 |

3 | x | 57 | = | 171 |

3 | x | 58 | = | 174 |

3 | x | 59 | = | 177 |

3 | x | 60 | = | 180 |

3 | x | 61 | = | 183 |

3 | x | 62 | = | 186 |

3 | x | 63 | = | 189 |

3 | x | 64 | = | 192 |

3 | x | 65 | = | 195 |

3 | x | 66 | = | 198 |

3 | x | 67 | = | 201 |

3 | x | 68 | = | 204 |

3 | x | 69 | = | 207 |

3 | x | 70 | = | 210 |

3 | x | 71 | = | 213 |

3 | x | 72 | = | 216 |

3 | x | 73 | = | 219 |

3 | x | 74 | = | 222 |

3 | x | 75 | = | 225 |

3 | x | 76 | = | 228 |

3 | x | 77 | = | 231 |

3 | x | 78 | = | 234 |

3 | x | 79 | = | 237 |

3 | x | 80 | = | 240 |

3 | x | 81 | = | 243 |

3 | x | 82 | = | 246 |

3 | x | 83 | = | 249 |

3 | x | 84 | = | 252 |

3 | x | 85 | = | 255 |

3 | x | 86 | = | 258 |

3 | x | 87 | = | 261 |

3 | x | 88 | = | 264 |

3 | x | 89 | = | 267 |

3 | x | 90 | = | 270 |

3 | x | 91 | = | 273 |

3 | x | 92 | = | 276 |

3 | x | 93 | = | 279 |

3 | x | 94 | = | 282 |

3 | x | 95 | = | 285 |

3 | x | 96 | = | 288 |

3 | x | 97 | = | 291 |

3 | x | 98 | = | 294 |

3 | x | 99 | = | 297 |

3 | x | 100 | = | 300 |

Here are some questions to test your knowledge of the table of 3:

- What is 3 times 7?
- What is 3 times 16?
- What is 3 times 29?
- What is 3 times 45?
- What is 3 times 53?
- What is 3 times 77?
- What is 3 times 80?
- What is 3 times 88?
- What is 3 times 96?
- What is 3 times 97?

Attempt the above questions, and check your answers below:

- 21
- 48
- 87
- 135
- 159
- 231
- 240
- 264
- 288
- 291

Here are some word problems which will test your multiplication skills for the table of 3:

- If you have 3 bags with 7 apples in each, how many apples do you have in total?
- If a clock chimes 3 times every hour, how many times will it chime in 5 hours?
- You're reading a book and you read 3 pages every day. How many pages will you have read in a week?
- If you buy 3 packs of stickers, and each pack contains 12 stickers, how many stickers do you have in total?
- A baker bakes 3 loaves of bread every day. How many loaves does he bake in 4 weeks?

Take your time to answer these questions without using a calculator. Once you're done, check your answers below.

- 21 apples (3 bags x 7 apples each)
- 15 times (3 times every hour x 5 hours)
- 21 pages (3 pages every day x 7 days)
- 36 stickers (3 packs x 12 stickers each)
- 84 loaves (3 loaves every day x 7 days a week x 4 weeks)

Table of 4

Table of 5

Table of 6

Table of 7

Table of 8

Table of 9

Table of 10

Table of 11

Table of 12

Table of 13

Table of 14

Table of 15

Table of 16

Table of 17

Table of 18

Table of 19

Table of 20