Multiplication is a key part of maths that we use every day. It helps us understand numbers and solve problems. One of the first steps in learning multiplication is getting to know the multiplication tables. In this article, we focus on the multiplication table of 5. Knowing this table well can make maths much easier and more fun.

Multiplication is just adding a number to itself a certain number of times. For example, when we multiply 5 by 4 (written as 5x4), it's the same as adding 5 four times (5+5+5+5). This equals 20. The multiplication table of 5 is a list of results we get when we multiply 5 by other numbers.

Learning the table of 5 is important because it's one of the basic building blocks of maths. Once you know it well, other parts of maths, like division and more complex multiplication, become much easier. It's like learning the alphabet before you start making words and sentences.

For an introduction to tables, read our guide to tables from 1 to 20.

Multiplication tables are lists of numbers. They show you the results when you multiply numbers together. Think of them as a shortcut for doing lots of multiplication problems.

A multiplication table is like a big chart. It helps you find the answers to multiplication problems quickly. The most common one is the table that goes up to 10 (though the table below goes up to 100). For example, the multiplication table of 5 looks like this:

- 5 times 1 is 5
- 5 times 2 is 10
- 5 times 3 is 15
- ... and so on, up to 5 times 10 is 50.

Multiplication tables are very useful. They help you solve maths problems faster. When you know them well, you can do harder maths more easily. This is why many people try to remember all the tables up to 10 or even higher. It's like having a maths tool in your brain, ready to use whenever you need it.

When multiplying any two numbers, the number being multiplied (i.e. 5 in this case) is called the multiplicand, whereas the number of times it is to be multiplied is the multiplier. The answer to multiplying these two numbers is known as the product. For example, if we are evaluating 5 times 3, 5 is the multiplicand, 3 is the multiplier, and the product is 15.

Below is the table of 5, with multipliers up to 100.

5 | x | 1 | = | 5 |

5 | x | 2 | = | 10 |

5 | x | 3 | = | 15 |

5 | x | 4 | = | 20 |

5 | x | 5 | = | 25 |

5 | x | 6 | = | 30 |

5 | x | 7 | = | 35 |

5 | x | 8 | = | 40 |

5 | x | 9 | = | 45 |

5 | x | 10 | = | 50 |

5 | x | 11 | = | 55 |

5 | x | 12 | = | 60 |

5 | x | 13 | = | 65 |

5 | x | 14 | = | 70 |

5 | x | 15 | = | 75 |

5 | x | 16 | = | 80 |

5 | x | 17 | = | 85 |

5 | x | 18 | = | 90 |

5 | x | 19 | = | 95 |

5 | x | 20 | = | 100 |

5 | x | 21 | = | 105 |

5 | x | 22 | = | 110 |

5 | x | 23 | = | 115 |

5 | x | 24 | = | 120 |

5 | x | 25 | = | 125 |

5 | x | 26 | = | 130 |

5 | x | 27 | = | 135 |

5 | x | 28 | = | 140 |

5 | x | 29 | = | 145 |

5 | x | 30 | = | 150 |

5 | x | 31 | = | 155 |

5 | x | 32 | = | 160 |

5 | x | 33 | = | 165 |

5 | x | 34 | = | 170 |

5 | x | 35 | = | 175 |

5 | x | 36 | = | 180 |

5 | x | 37 | = | 185 |

5 | x | 38 | = | 190 |

5 | x | 39 | = | 195 |

5 | x | 40 | = | 200 |

5 | x | 41 | = | 205 |

5 | x | 42 | = | 210 |

5 | x | 43 | = | 215 |

5 | x | 44 | = | 220 |

5 | x | 45 | = | 225 |

5 | x | 46 | = | 230 |

5 | x | 47 | = | 235 |

5 | x | 48 | = | 240 |

5 | x | 49 | = | 245 |

5 | x | 50 | = | 250 |

5 | x | 51 | = | 255 |

5 | x | 52 | = | 260 |

5 | x | 53 | = | 265 |

5 | x | 54 | = | 270 |

5 | x | 55 | = | 275 |

5 | x | 56 | = | 280 |

5 | x | 57 | = | 285 |

5 | x | 58 | = | 290 |

5 | x | 59 | = | 295 |

5 | x | 60 | = | 300 |

5 | x | 61 | = | 305 |

5 | x | 62 | = | 310 |

5 | x | 63 | = | 315 |

5 | x | 64 | = | 320 |

5 | x | 65 | = | 325 |

5 | x | 66 | = | 330 |

5 | x | 67 | = | 335 |

5 | x | 68 | = | 340 |

5 | x | 69 | = | 345 |

5 | x | 70 | = | 350 |

5 | x | 71 | = | 355 |

5 | x | 72 | = | 360 |

5 | x | 73 | = | 365 |

5 | x | 74 | = | 370 |

5 | x | 75 | = | 375 |

5 | x | 76 | = | 380 |

5 | x | 77 | = | 385 |

5 | x | 78 | = | 390 |

5 | x | 79 | = | 395 |

5 | x | 80 | = | 400 |

5 | x | 81 | = | 405 |

5 | x | 82 | = | 410 |

5 | x | 83 | = | 415 |

5 | x | 84 | = | 420 |

5 | x | 85 | = | 425 |

5 | x | 86 | = | 430 |

5 | x | 87 | = | 435 |

5 | x | 88 | = | 440 |

5 | x | 89 | = | 445 |

5 | x | 90 | = | 450 |

5 | x | 91 | = | 455 |

5 | x | 92 | = | 460 |

5 | x | 93 | = | 465 |

5 | x | 94 | = | 470 |

5 | x | 95 | = | 475 |

5 | x | 96 | = | 480 |

5 | x | 97 | = | 485 |

5 | x | 98 | = | 490 |

5 | x | 99 | = | 495 |

5 | x | 100 | = | 500 |

Here are some questions to test your knowledge of the table of 5:

- What is 5 times 3?
- What is 5 times 13?
- What is 5 times 26?
- What is 5 times 69?
- What is 5 times 72?
- What is 5 times 80?
- What is 5 times 82?
- What is 5 times 87?
- What is 5 times 96?
- What is 5 times 98?

Attempt the above questions, and check your answers below:

- 15
- 65
- 130
- 345
- 360
- 400
- 410
- 435
- 480
- 490

Here are some word problems which will test your multiplication skills for the table of 5:

- Sarah went apple picking. Each basket can hold 5 apples. If she fills 4 baskets, how many apples does she have in total?
- John is baking cookies. He puts 5 cookies on each tray. If he has 3 trays, how many cookies does he bake in total?
- A school has distributed pencil packs to students. Each pack contains 5 pencils. If they distribute 55 packs, how many pencils are given out in total?
- Lisa spots groups of 5 birds on the branches of a tree. If she counts 7 groups, how many birds has she seen in total?
- For his birthday party, Mike wants to have balloons in bunches of 5. If he wants to have 8 bunches, how many balloons does he need in total?

Take your time to answer these questions without using a calculator. Once you're done, check your answers below.

- 20 apples (5 x 4)
- 15 cookies (5 x 3)
- 275 pencils (5 x 55)
- 35 birds (5 x 7)
- 40 balloons (5 x 8)

Table of 3

Table of 4

Table of 6

Table of 7

Table of 8

Table of 9

Table of 10

Table of 11

Table of 12

Table of 13

Table of 14

Table of 15

Table of 16

Table of 17

Table of 18

Table of 19

Table of 20