Multiplication is one of the most basic arithmetic operations, alongside addition, subtraction and division. Children around the age of 6 should start learning basic multiplication of numbers from at least 1 to 10, and by the age of 7 or 8, they should be fairly comfortable with multiplication tables. If you are a parent aiming to teach multiplication tables to your child, The HDFC School comprehensively covers the entire topic of multiplication tables, right from 1 to 100. In this guide, we will start with tables from 1 to 20.

1 | x | 1 | = | 1 |

1 | x | 2 | = | 2 |

1 | x | 3 | = | 3 |

1 | x | 4 | = | 4 |

1 | x | 5 | = | 5 |

1 | x | 6 | = | 6 |

1 | x | 7 | = | 7 |

1 | x | 8 | = | 8 |

1 | x | 9 | = | 9 |

1 | x | 10 | = | 10 |

1 | x | 11 | = | 11 |

1 | x | 12 | = | 12 |

1 | x | 13 | = | 13 |

1 | x | 14 | = | 14 |

1 | x | 15 | = | 15 |

1 | x | 16 | = | 16 |

1 | x | 17 | = | 17 |

1 | x | 18 | = | 18 |

1 | x | 19 | = | 19 |

1 | x | 20 | = | 20 |

2 | x | 1 | = | 2 |

2 | x | 2 | = | 4 |

2 | x | 3 | = | 6 |

2 | x | 4 | = | 8 |

2 | x | 5 | = | 10 |

2 | x | 6 | = | 12 |

2 | x | 7 | = | 14 |

2 | x | 8 | = | 16 |

2 | x | 9 | = | 18 |

2 | x | 10 | = | 20 |

2 | x | 11 | = | 22 |

2 | x | 12 | = | 24 |

2 | x | 13 | = | 26 |

2 | x | 14 | = | 28 |

2 | x | 15 | = | 30 |

2 | x | 16 | = | 32 |

2 | x | 17 | = | 34 |

2 | x | 18 | = | 36 |

2 | x | 19 | = | 38 |

2 | x | 20 | = | 40 |

For times table of 2 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 2.

3 | x | 1 | = | 3 |

3 | x | 2 | = | 6 |

3 | x | 3 | = | 9 |

3 | x | 4 | = | 12 |

3 | x | 5 | = | 15 |

3 | x | 6 | = | 18 |

3 | x | 7 | = | 21 |

3 | x | 8 | = | 24 |

3 | x | 9 | = | 27 |

3 | x | 10 | = | 30 |

3 | x | 11 | = | 33 |

3 | x | 12 | = | 36 |

3 | x | 13 | = | 39 |

3 | x | 14 | = | 42 |

3 | x | 15 | = | 45 |

3 | x | 16 | = | 48 |

3 | x | 17 | = | 51 |

3 | x | 18 | = | 54 |

3 | x | 19 | = | 57 |

3 | x | 20 | = | 60 |

For times table of 3 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 3.

4 | x | 1 | = | 4 |

4 | x | 2 | = | 8 |

4 | x | 3 | = | 12 |

4 | x | 4 | = | 16 |

4 | x | 5 | = | 20 |

4 | x | 6 | = | 24 |

4 | x | 7 | = | 28 |

4 | x | 8 | = | 32 |

4 | x | 9 | = | 36 |

4 | x | 10 | = | 40 |

4 | x | 11 | = | 44 |

4 | x | 12 | = | 48 |

4 | x | 13 | = | 52 |

4 | x | 14 | = | 56 |

4 | x | 15 | = | 60 |

4 | x | 16 | = | 64 |

4 | x | 17 | = | 68 |

4 | x | 18 | = | 72 |

4 | x | 19 | = | 76 |

4 | x | 20 | = | 80 |

For times table of 4 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 4.

5 | x | 1 | = | 5 |

5 | x | 2 | = | 10 |

5 | x | 3 | = | 15 |

5 | x | 4 | = | 20 |

5 | x | 5 | = | 25 |

5 | x | 6 | = | 30 |

5 | x | 7 | = | 35 |

5 | x | 8 | = | 40 |

5 | x | 9 | = | 45 |

5 | x | 10 | = | 50 |

5 | x | 11 | = | 55 |

5 | x | 12 | = | 60 |

5 | x | 13 | = | 65 |

5 | x | 14 | = | 70 |

5 | x | 15 | = | 75 |

5 | x | 16 | = | 80 |

5 | x | 17 | = | 85 |

5 | x | 18 | = | 90 |

5 | x | 19 | = | 95 |

5 | x | 20 | = | 100 |

For times table of 5 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 5.

6 | x | 1 | = | 6 |

6 | x | 2 | = | 12 |

6 | x | 3 | = | 18 |

6 | x | 4 | = | 24 |

6 | x | 5 | = | 30 |

6 | x | 6 | = | 36 |

6 | x | 7 | = | 42 |

6 | x | 8 | = | 48 |

6 | x | 9 | = | 54 |

6 | x | 10 | = | 60 |

6 | x | 11 | = | 66 |

6 | x | 12 | = | 72 |

6 | x | 13 | = | 78 |

6 | x | 14 | = | 84 |

6 | x | 15 | = | 90 |

6 | x | 16 | = | 96 |

6 | x | 17 | = | 102 |

6 | x | 18 | = | 108 |

6 | x | 19 | = | 114 |

6 | x | 20 | = | 120 |

For times table of 6 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 6.

7 | x | 1 | = | 7 |

7 | x | 2 | = | 14 |

7 | x | 3 | = | 21 |

7 | x | 4 | = | 28 |

7 | x | 5 | = | 35 |

7 | x | 6 | = | 42 |

7 | x | 7 | = | 49 |

7 | x | 8 | = | 56 |

7 | x | 9 | = | 63 |

7 | x | 10 | = | 70 |

7 | x | 11 | = | 77 |

7 | x | 12 | = | 84 |

7 | x | 13 | = | 91 |

7 | x | 14 | = | 98 |

7 | x | 15 | = | 105 |

7 | x | 16 | = | 112 |

7 | x | 17 | = | 119 |

7 | x | 18 | = | 126 |

7 | x | 19 | = | 1133 |

7 | x | 20 | = | 140 |

For times table of 7 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 7.

8 | x | 1 | = | 8 |

8 | x | 2 | = | 16 |

8 | x | 3 | = | 24 |

8 | x | 4 | = | 32 |

8 | x | 5 | = | 40 |

8 | x | 6 | = | 48 |

8 | x | 7 | = | 56 |

8 | x | 8 | = | 64 |

8 | x | 9 | = | 72 |

8 | x | 10 | = | 80 |

8 | x | 11 | = | 88 |

8 | x | 12 | = | 96 |

8 | x | 13 | = | 104 |

8 | x | 14 | = | 112 |

8 | x | 15 | = | 120 |

8 | x | 16 | = | 128 |

8 | x | 17 | = | 136 |

8 | x | 18 | = | 144 |

8 | x | 19 | = | 152 |

8 | x | 20 | = | 160 |

For times table of 8 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 8.

9 | x | 1 | = | 9 |

9 | x | 2 | = | 18 |

9 | x | 3 | = | 27 |

9 | x | 4 | = | 36 |

9 | x | 5 | = | 45 |

9 | x | 6 | = | 54 |

9 | x | 7 | = | 63 |

9 | x | 8 | = | 72 |

9 | x | 9 | = | 81 |

9 | x | 10 | = | 90 |

9 | x | 11 | = | 99 |

9 | x | 12 | = | 108 |

9 | x | 13 | = | 117 |

9 | x | 14 | = | 126 |

9 | x | 15 | = | 135 |

9 | x | 16 | = | 144 |

9 | x | 17 | = | 153 |

9 | x | 18 | = | 162 |

9 | x | 19 | = | 171 |

9 | x | 20 | = | 180 |

For times table of 9 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 9.

10 | x | 1 | = | 10 |

10 | x | 2 | = | 20 |

10 | x | 3 | = | 30 |

10 | x | 4 | = | 40 |

10 | x | 5 | = | 50 |

10 | x | 6 | = | 60 |

10 | x | 7 | = | 70 |

10 | x | 8 | = | 80 |

10 | x | 9 | = | 90 |

10 | x | 10 | = | 100 |

10 | x | 11 | = | 110 |

10 | x | 12 | = | 120 |

10 | x | 13 | = | 130 |

10 | x | 14 | = | 140 |

10 | x | 15 | = | 150 |

10 | x | 16 | = | 160 |

10 | x | 17 | = | 170 |

10 | x | 18 | = | 180 |

10 | x | 19 | = | 190 |

10 | x | 20 | = | 200 |

For times table of 10 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 10.

11 | x | 1 | = | 11 |

11 | x | 2 | = | 22 |

11 | x | 3 | = | 33 |

11 | x | 4 | = | 44 |

11 | x | 5 | = | 55 |

11 | x | 6 | = | 66 |

11 | x | 7 | = | 77 |

11 | x | 8 | = | 88 |

11 | x | 9 | = | 99 |

11 | x | 10 | = | 110 |

11 | x | 11 | = | 121 |

11 | x | 12 | = | 132 |

11 | x | 13 | = | 143 |

11 | x | 14 | = | 154 |

11 | x | 15 | = | 165 |

11 | x | 16 | = | 176 |

11 | x | 17 | = | 187 |

11 | x | 18 | = | 198 |

11 | x | 19 | = | 209 |

11 | x | 20 | = | 220 |

For times table of 11 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 11.

12 | x | 1 | = | 12 |

12 | x | 2 | = | 24 |

12 | x | 3 | = | 36 |

12 | x | 4 | = | 48 |

12 | x | 5 | = | 60 |

12 | x | 6 | = | 72 |

12 | x | 7 | = | 84 |

12 | x | 8 | = | 96 |

12 | x | 9 | = | 108 |

12 | x | 10 | = | 120 |

12 | x | 11 | = | 132 |

12 | x | 12 | = | 144 |

12 | x | 13 | = | 156 |

12 | x | 14 | = | 168 |

12 | x | 15 | = | 180 |

12 | x | 16 | = | 192 |

12 | x | 17 | = | 204 |

12 | x | 18 | = | 216 |

12 | x | 19 | = | 228 |

12 | x | 20 | = | 240 |

For times table of 12 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 12.

13 | x | 1 | = | 13 |

13 | x | 2 | = | 26 |

13 | x | 3 | = | 39 |

13 | x | 4 | = | 52 |

13 | x | 5 | = | 65 |

13 | x | 6 | = | 78 |

13 | x | 7 | = | 91 |

13 | x | 8 | = | 104 |

13 | x | 9 | = | 117 |

13 | x | 10 | = | 130 |

13 | x | 11 | = | 143 |

13 | x | 12 | = | 156 |

13 | x | 13 | = | 169 |

13 | x | 14 | = | 182 |

13 | x | 15 | = | 195 |

13 | x | 16 | = | 208 |

13 | x | 17 | = | 221 |

13 | x | 18 | = | 234 |

13 | x | 19 | = | 247 |

13 | x | 20 | = | 260 |

For times table of 13 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 13.

14 | x | 1 | = | 14 |

14 | x | 2 | = | 28 |

14 | x | 3 | = | 42 |

14 | x | 4 | = | 56 |

14 | x | 5 | = | 70 |

14 | x | 6 | = | 84 |

14 | x | 7 | = | 98 |

14 | x | 8 | = | 112 |

14 | x | 9 | = | 126 |

14 | x | 10 | = | 140 |

14 | x | 11 | = | 154 |

14 | x | 12 | = | 168 |

14 | x | 13 | = | 182 |

14 | x | 14 | = | 196 |

14 | x | 15 | = | 210 |

14 | x | 16 | = | 224 |

14 | x | 17 | = | 238 |

14 | x | 18 | = | 252 |

14 | x | 19 | = | 266 |

14 | x | 20 | = | 280 |

For times table of 14 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 14.

15 | x | 1 | = | 15 |

15 | x | 2 | = | 30 |

15 | x | 3 | = | 45 |

15 | x | 4 | = | 60 |

15 | x | 5 | = | 75 |

15 | x | 6 | = | 90 |

15 | x | 7 | = | 105 |

15 | x | 8 | = | 120 |

15 | x | 9 | = | 135 |

15 | x | 10 | = | 150 |

15 | x | 11 | = | 165 |

15 | x | 12 | = | 180 |

15 | x | 13 | = | 195 |

15 | x | 14 | = | 210 |

15 | x | 15 | = | 225 |

15 | x | 16 | = | 240 |

15 | x | 17 | = | 255 |

15 | x | 18 | = | 270 |

15 | x | 19 | = | 285 |

15 | x | 20 | = | 300 |

For times table of 15 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 15.

16 | x | 1 | = | 16 |

16 | x | 2 | = | 32 |

16 | x | 3 | = | 48 |

16 | x | 4 | = | 64 |

16 | x | 5 | = | 80 |

16 | x | 6 | = | 96 |

16 | x | 7 | = | 112 |

16 | x | 8 | = | 128 |

16 | x | 9 | = | 144 |

16 | x | 10 | = | 160 |

16 | x | 11 | = | 176 |

16 | x | 12 | = | 192 |

16 | x | 13 | = | 208 |

16 | x | 14 | = | 224 |

16 | x | 15 | = | 240 |

16 | x | 16 | = | 256 |

16 | x | 17 | = | 272 |

16 | x | 18 | = | 288 |

16 | x | 19 | = | 304 |

16 | x | 20 | = | 320 |

For times table of 16 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 16.

17 | x | 1 | = | 17 |

17 | x | 2 | = | 34 |

17 | x | 3 | = | 51 |

17 | x | 4 | = | 68 |

17 | x | 5 | = | 85 |

17 | x | 6 | = | 102 |

17 | x | 7 | = | 119 |

17 | x | 8 | = | 136 |

17 | x | 9 | = | 153 |

17 | x | 10 | = | 170 |

17 | x | 11 | = | 187 |

17 | x | 12 | = | 204 |

17 | x | 13 | = | 221 |

17 | x | 14 | = | 238 |

17 | x | 15 | = | 255 |

17 | x | 16 | = | 272 |

17 | x | 17 | = | 289 |

17 | x | 18 | = | 306 |

17 | x | 19 | = | 323 |

17 | x | 20 | = | 340 |

For times table of 17 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 17.

18 | x | 1 | = | 18 |

18 | x | 2 | = | 36 |

18 | x | 3 | = | 54 |

18 | x | 4 | = | 72 |

18 | x | 5 | = | 90 |

18 | x | 6 | = | 108 |

18 | x | 7 | = | 126 |

18 | x | 8 | = | 144 |

18 | x | 9 | = | 162 |

18 | x | 10 | = | 180 |

18 | x | 11 | = | 198 |

18 | x | 12 | = | 216 |

18 | x | 13 | = | 234 |

18 | x | 14 | = | 252 |

18 | x | 15 | = | 270 |

18 | x | 16 | = | 288 |

18 | x | 17 | = | 306 |

18 | x | 18 | = | 324 |

18 | x | 19 | = | 342 |

18 | x | 20 | = | 360 |

For times table of 18 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 18.

19 | x | 1 | = | 19 |

19 | x | 2 | = | 38 |

19 | x | 3 | = | 57 |

19 | x | 4 | = | 76 |

19 | x | 5 | = | 95 |

19 | x | 6 | = | 114 |

19 | x | 7 | = | 133 |

19 | x | 8 | = | 152 |

19 | x | 9 | = | 171 |

19 | x | 10 | = | 190 |

19 | x | 11 | = | 209 |

19 | x | 12 | = | 228 |

19 | x | 13 | = | 247 |

19 | x | 14 | = | 266 |

19 | x | 15 | = | 285 |

19 | x | 16 | = | 304 |

19 | x | 17 | = | 323 |

19 | x | 18 | = | 342 |

19 | x | 19 | = | 361 |

19 | x | 20 | = | 380 |

For times table of 19 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 19.

20 | x | 1 | = | 20 |

20 | x | 2 | = | 40 |

20 | x | 3 | = | 60 |

20 | x | 4 | = | 80 |

20 | x | 5 | = | 100 |

20 | x | 6 | = | 120 |

20 | x | 7 | = | 140 |

20 | x | 8 | = | 160 |

20 | x | 9 | = | 180 |

20 | x | 10 | = | 200 |

20 | x | 11 | = | 220 |

20 | x | 12 | = | 240 |

20 | x | 13 | = | 260 |

20 | x | 14 | = | 280 |

20 | x | 15 | = | 300 |

20 | x | 16 | = | 320 |

20 | x | 17 | = | 340 |

20 | x | 18 | = | 360 |

20 | x | 19 | = | 380 |

20 | x | 20 | = | 400 |

For times table of 20 multiplied up to 100, check out our article on table of 20.

Here are a few simple quiz questions for multiplication tables from 1 to 20. You can use this to test your knowledge or as a fun activity to help your child learn.

- What is 9 times 19?
- What is 8 times 17?
- What is 7 times 15?
- What is 6 times 16?
- What is 5 times 14?
- What is 20 times 20?
- What is 19 times 4?
- What is 18 times 3?
- What is 17 times 6?
- What is 15 times 8?
- What is 14 times 14?
- What is 13 times 7?
- What is 12 times 9?
- What is 11 times 11?
- What is 10 times 20?

Remember, the goal is to answer these without a calculator! Once you're done, check your answers below.

- 171
- 136
- 105
- 96
- 70
- 400
- 76
- 54
- 102
- 120
- 196
- 91
- 108
- 121
- 200

- A fruit vendor sells 12 baskets of oranges each day. If each basket contains 16 oranges, how many oranges does the vendor sell in a day?
- A school decides to buy new chairs for its 20 classrooms. If each classroom gets 15 new chairs, how many chairs are distributed in total?
- At a music concert, there are 18 rows of seats. If each row has 20 seats, how many seats are available in total?
- A parking lot has 10 rows, and each row can accommodate 19 cars. How many cars can the parking lot hold in total?
- An artist is creating a series of paintings for an exhibition. If she plans to create 8 series and each series has 13 paintings, how many paintings will there be in total?

Once you've worked out your answers, you can check them below.

- 192 oranges (12 x 16)
- 210 chairs (15 x 14)
- 360 seats (18 x 20)
- 190 cars (10 x 19)
- 104 paintings (8 x 13)

These questions are designed to help reinforce your understanding of multiplication tables from 1 to 20 and to illustrate how these skills can be applied in various scenarios. If you find any of these challenging, consider practicing more with the relevant multiplication tables.

Learning multiplication tables, often referred to as "times tables," is crucial for several reasons, as they form the foundation of arithmetic and are essential for more advanced mathematical concepts. Here's why mastering these tables is so important:

**Speed and Efficiency**: Knowing multiplication tables by heart allows for quicker calculations. This speed is not just beneficial in academic settings but also in everyday life, such as when calculating bills, budgeting, or determining time schedules.**Building Blocks for Higher Math**: A solid grasp of multiplication tables is vital for learning more advanced topics like division, fractions, percentages, algebra, and beyond. Without a firm understanding of multiplication, students may struggle with these subsequent areas of math.**Enhances Problem-Solving Skills**: Understanding times tables enhances general numeracy and the ability to approach and solve various problems. This isn't just limited to math problems but extends to logical thinking and reasoning skills useful in real-life situations.**Confidence and Academic Success**: Proficiency in multiplication tables can significantly boost a student's confidence in their mathematical abilities. This confidence can lead to better performance in school, as math concepts are a fundamental part of the curriculum from elementary through high school and even in many college programs.**Real-Life Applications**: Multiplication is used in various aspects of daily life, from calculating expenses, understanding loan interest, cooking, and even when planning travel times. Knowing your multiplication tables can make these tasks quicker and easier.**Preparation for Competitive Exams**: Many standardized tests and competitive exams include a quantitative section where speed and accuracy are crucial. A strong grasp of multiplication tables can give individuals a significant advantage.**Supports Cognitive Development**: Learning multiplication tables also supports cognitive development by enhancing memory, concentration, and attention to detail. These skills are beneficial not just for math but for learning across all disciplines.**Reduces Math Anxiety**: Struggling with basic multiplication can lead to math anxiety, a problem that can affect students' overall performance in school. Mastery of multiplication tables can help alleviate this anxiety, making math a more enjoyable and less daunting subject.**Enhancing Pattern Recognition and Number Sense**: Memorizing multiplication tables reveals patterns and relationships between numbers, promoting deeper mathematical understanding. It develops intuition and estimation skills, critical for real-life applications. For example, once you start memorizing multiplication tables, you’ll notice that the product of a number multiplied by 4 is always double that of the same number multiplied by 2. That’s because 4 is the double of 2, or in multiplication tables format, 2 x 2 = 4.

Since numbers are so fundamental to everything in mathematics, and mathematics is omnipresent in the world around us, they are crucial to the holistic development of children. At The HDFC Schools, we take great pride in being able to develop students’ all round personalities, beyond just academics. This core focus on students’ overall development has helped us rank among the top schools in Gurgaon, the best schools in Bangalore, and also among the top schools in Pune.